Astronomy Picture Of The Day
There is a 1909 Lincoln penny attached to the probe arm of Curiosity; a unit of currency, as it were, stuck to its palm. On the face of it, this doesnâ€™t seem such a remarkable idea, but on the coin there are three inscriptions: â€œIn God We Trust,â€ â€œLiberty,â€ and the date. That money should precede us in the exploration of other worlds is regrettable. That the money is endorsed by God, that much more so. Whoâ€™s God? Which We? Trust in what?
The space between the head of the robot and the American Indian is five hundred years wide. It measures the time from when Europeans first set foot in the Americas to now. Europeans fortified with the same God, endorsing the same material interests. There is a consistency to that space therefore, a sense that nothing has changed. There are no indigenous peoples on Mars, but the mindset that anticipates encounters with other-worldly life forms apparently remains the same.
Liberty is a concept associated in particular with Abraham Lincoln, the president who is acknowledged for â€œfreeing the slavesâ€. Liberty had been a founding principle of The United States, and almost a hundred years later, he had "allowed" African Americans to include themselves in the idea. The American Civil war however, was an economic war over control of the Southâ€™s material production, specifically cotton. The Liberty of slaves was an expediency, not itâ€™s essential motive. It would take another hundred years for these free Americans to be granted the same rights as their fellow citizens. Despite Lincolnâ€™s moniker, the sentiment on the coin is far from honest.
Immediately after the Civil War came The Indian Wars. The same soldiers now reassigned to complete the process that had begun four hundred years before: the relocation and removal of the indigenous Native Americans in the interest of economic aggrandizement. In the interest of more money. It was a process that would continue into the next century.
1909 appropriately, was the year the â€œLincolnâ€ penny replaced the â€œIndianâ€ penny. It was also the year Chief Red Cloud died at the age of 87 on the Pine Ridge Reservation. He had outlived all the other major Sioux leaders of the Indian Wars. â€œThey made us many promises,â€ he said, â€ more than I can remember. But they kept but one: They promised to take our landâ€¦and they took it.â€
It is â€œTheyâ€ who own the robot, Earthâ€™s ambassador to another world. Its outstretched arm reads: â€œSuperstition, Dishonesty and Greedâ€. Weâ€™re in good hands.
Curiosity is probably the most sophisticated device ever made. Given its purpose, nothing in it, or on it, can possibly be extraneous. The penny therefore, had to be considered as critically as every other component. It is described as "...a calibration object...in the tradition of placing a coin, or other object of known scale as a size reference in close-up photographs of rocks... It gives the public a familiar object for perceiving size easily when it will be viewed by MAHLI..." (MAHLI being the onboard science lab.) Of all the objects possible, American money is apparently the most recognizable to the "public".
But if it is so intuitively understood, why not insert a disc that equals its proportions and explain why - something that avoids any kind of parochial, religious, nationalistic sentiment? How many metal workers, jewelers, sculptors or artists in the world would have jumped at the opportunity to make an object that conforms to the same physical requirements? An object that would travel to another planet? They would have paid for the privilege. If it needed to be embossed with words, then why not the simplest and most relevant?
"Curiosity" "Peace" "2012"
Nothing else is necessary. There is no image that can possibly represent every human being on the planet. Certainly not a politician. Space exploration isn't about "tradition", it's not even about what is. It's about what might be.
The penny was a conscious decision. Either the message was deliberately intended or it was simply a lack of foresight. Obliviousness in other words. "Oblivious" is an even worse sentiment thanÂ "God" for a conquistador to wear on its sleeve.
Artwork by Malcolm Mc Neill
-Â Malcolm Mc Neill is an artist, writer and director whose first project out of art school was a seven-year collaboration with writer William S. Burroughs.Â www.burroughsmcneillart.com.Â His most recent exhibition of paintings was in August 2013 in New York.Â www.malcolmmcneillscience.com.